The clashes between US Navy, Marine Corps and USAAF units and the hastily created Special Attack kamikaze units of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) were some of the last large-scale aerial engagements of the Pacific War. Kamikaze strikes came to the fore during the Okinawa campaign in April-May 1945, when mass attacks were made. Japanese Special Attack units had first been introduced in response to the retaking of the Philippines by American forces in late 1944. Overall, Special Attack Units flew some 1900 suicide sorties, losing 900 aircraft in the process. During the course of the fighting, 67 US Navy, 21 Marine Corps and three USAAF pilots became aces, destroying at least five aircraft between March and June 1945. In many ways it was an uneven combat. While many regular JAAF and IJN aviators volunteered for the Special Attack units, a large number of the kamikaze pilots were inexperienced and only recently out of flying training. They also often flew obsolete aircraft. These less experienced aviators were no match for the Hellcat, Corsair, Wildcat, Lightning and Thunderbolt pilots who were at the peak of their game. **
**Quoted from the back cover of the book.
Osprey Publications Ltd has released American Aces Against the Kamikaze as Number 109 in their Aircraft of the Aces series. It is a paperback book with 96 pages. Included with the text are black and white photographs, color illustrations, detailed captions and an informational chart. It has a 2012 copyright and the ISBN is 978-1-84908-745-2. As the titles states the book examines and discusses the American aces fight against the Japanese Kamikazes during World War II.
Chapter One: The Beginning Chapter Two: Okinawa – Prelude To Invasion Chapter Three: The April Battles Chapter Four: The Final Battles Chapter Five: Nightfighters And Near Aces Appendices:
- Colour Plates Commentary
The text in the book is well written and extremely detailed. Author Edward M Young covers the American Aces and their battles against the Japanese Kamikazes very well and goes into great detail. Anyone interested in American Aces in the Pacific, American Aircraft of the period, Japanese Kamikazes, WWII Naval actions, World War Two aviation will find this book very informative and interesting. I didn’t notice any spelling or grammatical errors as I read through the text. Grammar and spelling might not be an important factor to everyone however it is something that I take notice of and pass on my findings. Please refer to the scans that I have provided so that you can judge the text for yourself.
There are a total of 84 black and white photographs throughout the book. As the title of the book suggests the majority of the photographs are of the American aces as well as American and Japanese World War II aircraft. The majority of the photographs are nice clear, centered and focused images, however there are a few that have an out of focus look to them and some appear to be too dark. I have seen several military photographs that have this look to them so maybe that is just typical. I do know that several military photographs are actually stills taken from video so that could be one reason. With that said the quality of the blurry photographs is of no fault of the author and do not take anything away from the book. The photographs will be of interest to the aviation and military aviation enthusiast as well as the military historian.
Please refer to the scans that I have provided so that you can judge the photographs for yourself.
There are 8 pages of color aircraft illustrations by illustrator Mark Styling covering 32 aircraft and they are very well done. The color plates commentary at the back of the book provides detailed information about each aircraft shown. The front cover art was done by illustrator Mark Postlewaite. The scale aircraft modeler will find value in the color plates as they provide a visual reference to the various aircraft color schemes and markings that were used.
The color illustrations are of the following aircraft:
FM-2 Wildcat (BuNo unknown)/white 35 flown by Lt Ralph Elliot Jr, VC-27, USS Savo Island (CVE-78), January 1945
F6F-5 Hellcat (BuNo unknown)/white 17, VF-7, USS Hancock (CV-19, November 1944
F6F-5 (BuNo unknown) /white 47 flown by Lt Patrick Fleming, VF-80, USS Ticonderoga (CV-14), November 1944
P-38L-5 Lightning 44-25327/black 19 flown by Lt Fernley Damstrom, 7th FS/49th FG, Tacloban, Leyte, December 1944
F7F-5 Hellcat (BuNo unknown)/white 3 flown by Lt Eugene Valencia, VF-9, USS Yorktown (CV-10), April 1945
F6F-5N Hellcat (BuNo unknown)/white 4 flown by Ens John Orth, VF-9 USS Yoktown (CV-10), May 1945
F4U-1D Corsair (BuNo unknown)/white 66 flown by Ens Alfred Lerch, VF-10, USS Intrepid (CV-11) April 1945
F6F-5 Hellcat (BuNo unknown)/white 66 of VF/VBF-12, USS Randolph (CV-15, April-May 1945
F6F-5 (BuNo unknown)/white 35 flown by Lt James Pearce, VF-17, USS Hornet (CV-12), 18-21 March 1945
F6F-5 BuNo 72748/white 33 flown by Lt(jg) Willis Hardy, VF-17, USS Hornet (CV-12), 6 April 1945
F6f_5 Hellcat (BuNo unknown)/white 10 of VF-30, USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24), April 1945
F6F-5 Hellcat BuNo 72522/blue 7 flown by Lt James Cain, VF-45, USS San Jacinto (CVL-30), 23 March 1945
Please refer to the scans that I have provided so that you can judge the illustrations for yourself.
There are no maps provided in this volume.
THE INFORMATIONAL CHARTS
There is 1 informational chart provided in this volume and it details:
-Aces of the Okinawa Campaign (Lists 93 United States Aces and their total claims)
As with the text, the captions are well written and are very detailed and explain the accompanying photographs and illustrations well. They provide information such as the aircrafts location, variations shown, aircraft markings, pilots and key individuals and other such valuable information. I didn’t notice any spelling or grammatical errors as I read through the captions. As I stated before, grammar and spelling might not be an important factor to everyone however it is something that I take notice of and pass on my findings. Please refer to the scans that I have provided so that you can judge the captions for yourself.
This is a very nice reference book that contains many useful photographs and illustrations as well as detailed captions. It details the American aces fight against the Japanese Kamikazes during World War II very well. I would have no hesitation to add other Osprey titles to my personal library nor would I hesitate to recommend this book to others as it will be a welcome addition to one’s personal military reference library.
American Warplanes, by Bill Gunston, Crescent Books
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Highs: Well written and detailed text and captions
Nice photographs and useful artwork
Lows: Some of the photographs are of poor qualityVerdict: An excellent reference book that details the American aces fight against the Japanese Kamikazes during World War II very well.
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About Randy L Harvey (HARV) FROM: WYOMING, UNITED STATES
I have been in the modeling hobby off and on since my youth.
I build mostly 1/35 scale. However I work in other scales for aircraft, ships and the occasional civilian car kit. I also kit bash and scratch-build when the mood strikes.
I mainly model WWI and WWII figures, armor, vehic...